Many people don't believe in God, do believe in the eventual heat death of the universe, yet despite that they continue to live and act as if their lives actually meant something.
/ Ray Butterworth /



In memoriam Halton C. Arp (1927-2013).


My astronomy sketches. Hover mouse over image for the inverted look. For fainter objects, take a look at the black-on-white original, sometimes it reveals more details.


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By type: open clusters [55] globular clusters [14] diffuse nebulae [3] dark nebulae [0] planetary nebulae [22] variable stars [17] binary stars [22] asterisms [2] galaxies [78] quasars [1] planets [2] minor planets [1] comets [4] Sun [0] Moon [4] other objects [7]
By catalogue: Messier 1-50 [20] Messier 51-110 [18] NGC 1-1000 [9] NGC 1001-2000 [16] NGC 2001-3000 [29] NGC 3001-4000 [19] NGC 4001-5000 [13] NGC 5001-6000 [19] NGC 6001-7000 [28] NGC 7001-7840 [21] IC 1-5386 [1] other catalogues [62] uncataloged [8] [21]
By constellation:



NGC 3941 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 11h 54m Declination: 36 54'
Constellation: Ursa Major
Date/time: 2014.03.29 22:25 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 25' Magnification and filter(s): 167x
Seeing: 2/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.22 m/as2 Temperature: 0C
Humidity: low Wind: none
Sight: 3 - definite details, interesting look
Difficulty: 3 - moderately visible, dark adaptation needed, averted vision might add to details
Position: 4 - hard, complex starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Small, faint oval with a N-S elongation, although its real shape mostly appears with averted vision only. Its core is really spectacular with its tiny, bright, disk shape. To the North and South of this object lots of bright stars appear, but interestingly the FoV is still almost empty at this magnification.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 3294 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 10h 37m Declination: 37 15'
Constellation: Leo Minor
Date/time: 2014.03.29 22:00 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 23' Magnification and filter(s): 167x
Seeing: 3/10 Transparency: 2/5
SQM: 21.23 m/as2 Temperature: 1C
Humidity: low Wind: breeze
Sight: 2 - minor details, somewhat interesting
Difficulty: 3 - moderately visible, dark adaptation needed, averted vision might add to details
Position: 3 - moderate, some starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Moderate sized, relatively faint galaxy elongated in the NW-SE direction. It has a wide body with a very smooth brightness throughout the entire surface. It responds really well to averted vision.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 3021 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 9h 52m Declination: 33 29'
Constellation: Leo Minor
Date/time: 2014.03.29 21:30 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 26' Magnification and filter(s): 167x
Seeing: 3/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.32 m/as2 Temperature: 3C
Humidity: low Wind: none
Sight: 2 - minor details, somewhat interesting
Difficulty: 3 - moderately visible, dark adaptation needed, averted vision might add to details
Position: 3 - moderate, some starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Brighter than its nearby companion, the NGC 3003 galaxy, but it is very tiny. It has an almost perfectly circular shape, except that especially with averted vision its Western side seem to grow, making the galaxy look like a raindrop. Beside this feature it shows no details, although the FoV itself is interesting with the foreground star to the SE very close to the galaxy.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 3003 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 9h 49m Declination: 33 19'
Constellation: Leo Minor
Date/time: 2014.03.29 21:00 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 23' Magnification and filter(s): 167x
Seeing: 3/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.27 m/as2 Temperature: 3C
Humidity: low Wind: none
Sight: 2 - minor details, somewhat interesting
Difficulty: 4 - hardly visible, dark adaptation and very dark skies needed, averted vision is required to see details
Position: 4 - hard, complex starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

A very faint edge-on galaxy with an E-W elongation. Its surface is very smooth without any sign of a brighter central region, but its central bulge is almond shaped with its Southern side somewhat flatter than its Northern. When viewing with low magnification, it appears in one FoV with the nearby galaxy NGC 3021.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 3254 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 10h 30m Declination: 29 26'
Constellation: Leo Minor
Date/time: 2014.03.29 20:30 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 24' Magnification and filter(s): 167x
Seeing: 2/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.26 m/as2 Temperature: 6C
Humidity: low Wind: none
Sight: 2 - minor details, somewhat interesting
Difficulty: 4 - hardly visible, dark adaptation and very dark skies needed, averted vision is required to see details
Position: 3 - moderate, some starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Very faint, strongly elongated, nearly perfectly edge-on galaxy. A really tiny one, but the bad seeng does not allow me to use a higher magnification. I suspect a very faint star-like core.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 3301 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 10h 38m Declination: 21 48'
Constellation: Leo
Date/time: 2014.03.28 22:15 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 11' Magnification and filter(s): 300x
Seeing: 4/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.24 m/as2 Temperature: 3C
Humidity: dry Wind: none
Sight: 2 - minor details, somewhat interesting
Difficulty: 4 - hardly visible, dark adaptation and very dark skies needed, averted vision is required to see details
Position: 3 - moderate, some starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Tiny, faint galaxy with a strong elongation to the SW-NE direction. Its core is definitely brighter but instead of featuring a star-like core, it displays a little central disk. To the North and South of this I can see two arcs that are somewhat brighter than the surface of the galaxy, although I'm not sure if what I see is only an illusion. According to a check I've done later, I've only witnessed the central part of this object.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 2964 + NGC 2968 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 9h 44m Declination: 31 54'
Constellation: Leo
Date/time: 2014.03.28 21:30 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 24' Magnification and filter(s): 167x
Seeing: 3/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.13 m/as2 Temperature: 6C
Humidity: low Wind: breeze
Sight: 3 - definite details, interesting look
Difficulty: 4 - hardly visible, dark adaptation and very dark skies needed, averted vision is required to see details
Position: 2 - easy, bright star nearby
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Interesting but very faint pair of galaxies in the constellation Leo the lion. Both of them is oval, the galaxy NGC 2964 to the SW has a very delicate star-like core. This galaxy also displays an interesting detail mostly with the averted vision: its NE side is a bit brighter than the other, forming a triangular shape. Its even fainter companion, the NGC 2968 does not show any detail.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

STF 1657 (TVICS)
Also known as: 24 COM
Right ascension: 12h 35m Declination: 18 22'
Constellation: Coma Berenices
Date/time: 2014.03.22 22:30 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 14' Magnification and filter(s): 250x
Seeing: 6/10 Transparency: 2/5
SQM: 21.22 m/as2 Temperature: 7C
Humidity: low Wind: moderate
Sight: 3 - definite details, interesting look
Difficulty: 1 - instantly visible, no dark adaptation or averted vision needed
Position: 2 - easy, bright star nearby
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

I found this strongly colour contrasting binary accidentally by simply hovering around Coma Berenices. There's about 1.5 magnitudes difference in the brightness of the members of this pair, that strongly dominates its stellar neighborhood. The primary member shines at about 5.2m with a clear golden hue while its companion shines at 6.7m and a nice bluish colour.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 2403 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 7h 37m Declination: 65 36'
Constellation: Camelopardalis
Date/time: 2014.03.22 21:45 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 38' Magnification and filter(s): 167x
Seeing: 7/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.12 m/as2 Temperature: 9C
Humidity: dry Wind: breeze
Sight: 4 - lots of details, very interesting, unique look
Difficulty: 2 - easily visible, some dark adaptation needed, averted vision might add to details
Position: 3 - moderate, some starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Quite large and bright galaxy that already appears as a tiny fuzzy object in my 8x50 finderscope. Many foreground stars appear over its surface. A feature that resembles a dust lane shows up immediately on the Southern side of the galaxy and after a deeper observation the Northern side starts to display a similar dust lane although it's less defined. As progressing with the sketching a real spiral galaxy starts to appear in front of me, which fact is confirmed after checking astro images after my sketching session - I never look up an object before observation, so my memories about them will not change my vision.

This is a real showpiece spiral galaxy, I wonder why it's so rarely mentioned.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 2985 (Galaxy)
Right ascension: 9h 52m Declination: 72 13'
Constellation: Ursa Major
Date/time: 2014.03.08 21:30 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 9' Magnification and filter(s): 300x
Seeing: 7/10 Transparency: 2/5
SQM: 19.64 m/as2 Temperature: 5C
Humidity: moderate Wind: gusts
Sight: 3 - definite details, interesting look
Difficulty: 4 - hardly visible, dark adaptation and very dark skies needed, averted vision is required to see details
Position: 3 - moderate, some starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Tiny galaxy with a slight elongation on its NS axis. Sometimes I suspect seeing its spiral pattern, but it's a very difficult sight with the current sky conditions and the Half Moon lurking nearby. I can see a star to the SE of its center that might be a possible supernova, but unfortunately by checking images later, I find that it's simply a foreground star.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 1664 (Open cluster)
Right ascension: 4h 52m Declination: 43 42'
Constellation: Auriga
Date/time: 2014.03.08 20:45 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 36' Magnification and filter(s): 100x
Seeing: 7/10 Transparency: 2/5
SQM: 17.95 m/as2 Temperature: 6C
Humidity: moderate Wind: gusts
Sight: 4 - lots of details, very interesting, unique look
Difficulty: 3 - moderately visible, dark adaptation needed, averted vision might add to details
Position: 1 - very easy, many bright stars nearby
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Faint, large open cluster with member stars of very similar brightness. Sparsely populated, yet it features many spectacular stellar paths. A really nice object, should make a great target on a better evening. In the Eastern corner of the FoV I can see a really nice, perfectly square pattern of stars. The Half Moon is near the Auriga constellation, and sometimes stormy wind gusts make observation harder.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 2775 (Galaxy)
Also known as: Caldwell C48, Herschel H2-1
Right ascension: 9h 11m Declination: 6 58'
Constellation: Cancer
Date/time: 2014.03.01 21:45 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: 22' Magnification and filter(s): 167x
Seeing: 4/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.27 m/as2 Temperature: 5C
Humidity: low Wind: gusts
Sight: 2 - minor details, somewhat interesting
Difficulty: 2 - easily visible, some dark adaptation needed, averted vision might add to details
Position: 2 - easy, bright star nearby
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

Small, round spiral galaxy that is slightly elongated to the N-S. Its central region is moderately brighter than its disk. I estimate its dimensions to 1.5x2' with the center shining at about 13.5m and the surface at about 14m. I find the official 11m brightness catalogue data very misleading.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

T CNC (TVICS)
Also known as: T Cancri
Right ascension: 8h 57m Declination: 19 51'
Constellation: Cancer
Date/time: 2014.02.04 00:35 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: ' Magnification and filter(s): 250x
Seeing: 4/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 20.97 m/as2 Temperature: -8C
Humidity: moderate Wind: breeze
Sight: 4 - lots of details, very interesting, unique look
Difficulty: 2 - easily visible, some dark adaptation needed, averted vision might add to details
Position: 3 - moderate, some starhopping needed
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

A rather faint, very spectacularly colourful, beautiful little star with red colour and an orange hue. A real little gem, worth taking a look.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

X CNC (TVICS)
Also known as: X Cancri
Right ascension: 8h 55m Declination: 17 14'
Constellation: Cancer
Date/time: 2014.02.04 00:20 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: ' Magnification and filter(s): 250x
Seeing: 5/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 21.08 m/as2 Temperature: -8C
Humidity: moderate Wind: breeze
Sight: 4 - lots of details, very interesting, unique look
Difficulty: 1 - instantly visible, no dark adaptation or averted vision needed
Position: 1 - very easy, many bright stars nearby
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

The brightest star of the field by far. It has a beautiful intense orange colour. Very spectacular, and a remarkably easy target.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]

NGC 2371 + NGC 2372 (Planetary nebula)
Also known as: Gemini nebula
Right ascension: 7h 26m Declination: 29 29'
Constellation: Gemini
Date/time: 2014.01.03 23:30 UT
Equipment: 12" f/5 Newtonian
FoV: ' Magnification and filter(s): 250x + UHC + O-III filter(s)
Seeing: 5/10 Transparency: 3/5
SQM: 20.97 m/as2 Temperature: -7C
Humidity: low Wind: none
Sight: 3 - definite details, interesting look
Difficulty: 4 - hardly visible, dark adaptation and very dark skies needed, averted vision is required to see details
Position: 2 - easy, bright star nearby
Location: Ndasdladny, Hungary
Observer: Ferenc Lovr
Description:

A tiny, faint planetary nebula in the constellation Gemini, a relatively easy find. Its double lobed shape can be recognized even with very small magnifications (at 71x its shape was very obvious), but shows much more details with high powers. In the two parts two star-like false cores can be seen. Its Northern half looks a bit triangular, while its Southern half appears to grow significantly to SE when using averted vision. UHC filter helps a little but is not necessary and ruins the looks of the stellar neighborhood while an O-III makes it even fainter so is not recommended.


Hi-resolution image: [ reversed sketch | original sketch ]
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